second year of the International Space Station's permanent occupation,
several milestones were reached and new records were set.
unpiloted Progress cargo ship arrives at the station
Nov. 28, 2001.|
12, 2001 - Expedition Three Commander Frank Culbertson and
Pilot Vladimir Dezhurov complete the external outfitting of the
station's Pirs Docking Compartment during a 5-hour spacewalk.
28, 2001 - Progress 6, an unpiloted Russian resupply vessel,
docks with the station.
Expedition Three Commander Frank Culbertson|
3, 2001 - During the first unscheduled spacewalk in the station's
history, Dezhurov and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin remove debris
from the docking interface between a Progress spacecraft and the
Zvezda Service Module.
5-17, 2001 - The Expedition Four crewmembers -- Commander
Yuri Onufrienko and Flight Engineers Carl Walz and Dan Bursch
-- launch aboard STS-108. They arrive at the station two days
later, and on Dec. 8, officially replace the Expedition Three
crewmembers, who join the STS-108 crew and return to Earth on
Four Flight Engineer Dan Bursch works in the Destiny
14, 2002 - Onufrienko and Walz perform the first spacewalk
of their increment, installing a Russian cargo boom and an amateur
radio antenna on the station's exterior.
Dan Bursch, left, and Carl Walz prepare for the Feb.
20, 2002 - Walz and Bursch conduct the first spacewalk to
be performed out of the station's Quest Airlock without the presence
of a space shuttle at the station. The event also marks the first
U.S. use of an intravehicular officer, Astronaut Joe Tanner, who
works from Houston’s Mission Control Center instead of from onboard
24, 2002 - Progress 7 docks with the station.
8-19, 2002 - Space Shuttle Atlantis launches from Kennedy
Space Center to begin the STS-110 mission. It carries the station's
S0 (S-Zero) Truss and Mobile Transporter in its payload bay. Atlantis
arrives at the station two days later. On April 11, the S0 --
the first segment of the Integrated Truss System -- is installed
on the station. After the Mobile Transporter is installed, it
makes its first move down the track on April 15.
Mission Specialist Jerry Ross performs a spacewalk to
install the station's S0 (S-Zero) Truss.|
four spacewalks mark several milestones. STS-110 is the first
time that the station's robotic arm is used to maneuver spacewalkers
around the station, and it is the first time that all of a shuttle
crew's spacewalks are based out the station's Quest Airlock.
Specialist Jerry Ross becomes the first human to be launched into
space seven times. With the two spacewalks that he performs, he
tightens his grip on the most U.S. spacewalks (nine) and spacewalking
time -- 58 hours, 18 minutes. Second on the list for both spacewalking
milestones is Ross' crewmate Mission Specialist Steve Smith, who
also conducts two spacewalks during STS-110 to give him a total
of 49 hours, 48 minutes during seven spacewalks.
4 Taxi Flight Engineer Roberto Vittori|
27, 2002 - The Soyuz 4 Taxi crew arrives at the station for
a one-week stay. Soyuz Commander Yuri Gidzenko becomes the first
station resident to return to the outpost. He was a flight engineer
during Expedition One, the first resident crew to live and work
aboard the orbital outpost. The other taxi crewmembers are Flight
Engineer Roberto Vittori of the European Space Agency and South
African businessman Mark Shuttleworth.
lifts off from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., with the
station's Mobile Base System and the Expedition Five
5-19, 2002 - Space Shuttle Endeavour launches from Kennedy
Space Center, Fla., to begin the STS-111 mission. It carries the
station's Mobile Base System and the Expedition Five crew -- Commander
Valery Korzun and Flight Engineers Peggy Whitson and Sergei Treschev.
Endeavour docks with the station June 7, and the Expedition Five
crew assumes command of the outpost the same day. STS-111 also
delivers the Microgravity Science Glovebox to the station.
carries the Expedition Four crew back to Earth on June 19. The
Expedition Four crew spent 196 days in space, giving Walz and
Bursch the U.S. space flight endurance record. The previous record
was 188 days. Walz also holds the U.S. record for cumulative time
in space with 231 days, and Bursch is second with 227 days. During
the mission, STS-111 Mission Specialist Franklin Chang-Díaz becomes
only the second human to launch into space seven times.
Five NASA ISS Science Officer Peggy Whitson activates
the Microgravity Science Glovebox.|
A space-grown soybean plant.|
10, 2002 - Korzun and Whitson command the Canadian-built robotic
arm to "walk off" its grapple fixture on the Destiny Laboratory
Module and grapple a power and data fixture on the Mobile Base
System on the S0 Truss. The walk-off is the first time Canadarm2
has been detached from Destiny since it was installed in April
- Expedition Five crewmembers complete the installation and activation
of the Microgravity Science Glovebox in the Destiny Laboratory
16, 2002 - NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe names Whitson as
the first NASA ISS science officer, opening the way to increase
the station's main mission, scientific research. See Station
Science for more science-related accomplishments.
STS-112 took this photo of the station after undocking.|
7-18, 2002 - Space Shuttle Atlantis launches from Kennedy
Space Center to begin the STS-112 mission. Atlantis and its six-member
crew deliver and install the S1 (S-One) Truss, the third segment
of the Integrated Truss Structure. When
STS-112 returns to Earth, it is carrying the first space-grown,
seed-to-seed crop of soybeans.
1, 2002 - The Soyuz 5 Taxi crew arrives at the station, delivering
a new crew return vehicle. The new Soyuz is designed to accommodate
larger or smaller crewmembers, and is equipped with upgraded computers,
a new cockpit control panel and improved avionics.