Soyuz 3 Taxi Flight Crew
Haigneré (formerly André-Deshays)
European Space Agency (ESA) Astronaut
May 13, 1957 in Le Creusot, France. Married with one daughter. Enjoys
contemporary art (painting, sculpture), reading, and sports, especially
gymnastics and golf.
Graduated from Faculté de Médecine (Paris-Cochin) and Faculté des
Sciences (Paris-VII). Rheumatologist. Certificates (Certificats
d'Etudes Spécialisées) in biology and sports medicine (1981), aviation
and space medicine (1982), and rheumatology (1984). In 1986 she
received a diploma (Diplôme d'Etudes Approfondies) in biomechanics
and physiology of movement. Ph.D thesis in neuroscience in 1992.
Honorary Member of the Société Francaise de Médecine Aéronautique
et Spatiale, Corresponding Member of the International Academy of
Astronautics (IAA), Honorary Member and Administrateur of the Association
Aéronautique et Astronautique de France (AAAF), Member of the Académie
de l'Air et de l'Espace (ANAE).
"Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur" and "Chevalier de l'Ordre National
du Mérite."Successive ranks of the Russian "Order of Friendship"
in recognition of her long and successful involvement in Franco-Russian
space cooperation, and the Russian "Medal for Personal Valour."
From 1984 to 1992, she worked in the Rheumatology Clinic and the
Rehabilitation Department at Cochin Hospital in Paris. Her duties
included research and application of diagnostic and therapeutic
techniques in rheumatology and sports traumatology. From 1985 to
1990, she also worked in the Neurosensory Physiology Laboratory
at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. She
was involved in the development and preparation of scientific experiments
in the field of human physiology, in particular with the "Physalie"
and "Viminal" experiments flown on the Franco-Soviet "Aragatz" mission
to the Mir station in 1988, with Jean-Loup Chrétien aboard the Mir
station. Her research topics were human adaptation of motor and
cognitive systems in weightlessness. Claudie Haigneré was selected
as a French candidate astronaut in 1985 by CNES, the French Space
Agency. From 1990 to 1992, she was responsible for French and international
space physiology and medicine programs in the CNES Life Sciences
Division in Paris. From 1989 to 1992, she was responsible for scientific
coordination of the life sciences experiments aboard the Franco-Russian
"Antarès" mission, which took place in 1992. She regularly took
part in parabolic flight campaigns aboard the Zero-G Caravelle.In
October 1992, she was assigned as the back-up cosmonaut to Jean-Pierre
Haigneré for the Franco-Russian "Altair" mission from July 1 to
22, 1993. During this mission, she was responsible for monitoring
the biomedical experiments as a member of the ground team at the
Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, near Moscow. In September
1993, she was responsible for the coordination of the scientific
program of the Franco-Russian "Cassiopée" mission and for the French
experiments aboard the ESA Euromir '94 mission. In December 1994,
she was assigned to the "Cassiopée" mission as a Research Cosmonaut
and started training in Star City near Moscow on January 1, 1995.
The 16-day mission took place from August 17 to September 2, 1996.
In 1997, she worked in Moscow as the French representative of Starsem,
the Franco-Russian company. In May 1998, she was selected as a back-up
for Jean-Pierre Haigneré for the Franco-Russian "Perseus" mission
to Mir in February 1999. She trained for spacewalks and qualified
as a Cosmonaut Engineer for both the Soyuz vehicle and the Mir space
station. During the mission, she was crew interface coordinator
at the Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, Russia. In July
1999, she became the first woman to qualify as a Soyuz Return Commander.
She can now command a three-person Soyuz capsule during its return
from space. In March 2001, she was qualified by ESA/EAC for the
ISS Basic Training.
Experience: From August 17 to September 2, 1996, on the Cassiopée
mission, she performed a wide range of experiments in the fields
of life sciences (physiology and developmental biology), fluid physics
and technology. After completion of the mission, she attended many
scientific workshops and conferences, contributing to the enhancement
of data analysis and preparations for the scientific programs of
On November 1, 1999, she joined the European Astronaut Corps, whose
home base is the European Astronaut Centre (EAC) in Cologne, Germany.
Since then, she has taken part in ESA development projects for the
European Microgravity Facilities for Columbus and supported the
medical activities in the Agency's Directorate of Manned Spaceflight
and Microgravity. In January 2001, she took up training in Star
City near Moscow for her assignment as a Soyuz Flight Engineer for
the October 2001 "taxi flight" to the International Space Station.
This "Andromède" mission has two main purposes: to exchange the
Soyuz spacecraft that is used as a crew escape vehicle, and to carry
out a scientific and technical research program organized by the
French space agency CNES during her eight day-stay onboard the International